Sunday School Notes 3-8-2015

GoYo Sunday School Notes: 3-01-2015

Scripture: Micah 5:1-6 (HCSB)

Now, daughter who is under attack,

you slash yourself in grief;

a siege is set against us!

They are striking the judge of Israel

on the cheek with a rod. (v. 1)

Bethlehem Ephrathah,

you are small among the clans of Judah;

One will come from you

to be ruler over Israel for Me.

His origin is from antiquity,

from eternity. (v. 2)

Therefore, He will abandon them until the time

when she who is in labor has given birth;

then the rest of His brothers will return

to the people of Israel. (v. 3)

He will stand and shepherd them

in the strength of Yahweh,

in the majestic name of Yahweh His God.

They will live securely,

for then His greatness will extend

to the ends of the earth. (v. 4)

He will be their peace.

When Assyria invades our land,

when it marches against our fortresses,

we will raise against it seven shepherds,

even eight leaders of men. (v. 5)

They will shepherd the land of Assyria with the sword,

the land of Nimrod with a drawn blade.

So He will rescue us from Assyria

when it invades our land,

when it marches against our territory     (v. 6)

Can you guess the context? (v. 1)

  • This prophecy from Micah comes during a time when Israel is at war with Assyria. Israel is about to lose.
    • Throughout all of scripture, there are events happening around what was written.
    • Do we usually think about these events, or do we just read the words?
    • What is the importance of knowing the events?
    • How can we know the events?
      • Search “context (scripture reference)” on Google or read the introduction to the book in your Study Bible.

What does Micah prophesy in verse 2?

  • First, he admits that Bethlehem was insignificant
  • One would come to rule over Israel for God.
    • When a prophet spoke, it was as if God Himself was speaking.
  • This ‘ruler’s’ origin would be from antiquity and from eternity.
    • What does this mean?
    • If this ruler had such an origin, then it would be the case that he existed eternally with God. This is only possible if he was one with God.

What would this ruler do (v. 3)?

  • What did it mean that he would abandon Israel and Judah until “she who is in labor has given birth”?
    • It meant that God’s people would have to wait for this ruler.
  • What about “Then the rest of his brothers will return to the people of Israel?”
    • God’s people would be brought together in some way.
    • Christ is the unity!
    • His greatness will extend to the ends of the earth (v. 4).

What is meant by “Assyria” in verse 5?

  • Assyria became a term that stood for the enemies of God’s people. Babylon later becomes a name used in much the same way.
  • “Seven shepherds, even eight leaders of men”?
    • This might refer to the apostles.
    • This was a Hebrew idiom referring to a full and sufficient number.

Micah prophesied that the nation would be rescued from “Assyria”, though he did not specify when.


  • God is not surprised by anything that happens, even if what happens seems bad to us.
  • God has rescued His people through His Messiah, Jesus Christ.
  • Even in the Old Testament, it was written that the Messiah would be eternal.


Look over the lesson from last week!


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